Has anyone formed Italy with Sardinia-Piedmont? (2024)

I've been playing Sardinia-Piedmont a lot since release and I've come up with a strategy that let me form Italy somewhat reliably. As a disclaimer, I haven't tried this with any AI mods yet but I expect most of the tricks to still work.

General Situation
While Two Sicilies has more pops and more states, Sardinia-Piedmont still has a few aces up its sleeve.

  • Resources-wise, Sardinia-Piedmont has all the goods needed to set up an industrial economy. Their starting resources are especially suited to heavy industries: iron, coal, tools, steel, motor, glass, and sulfur. Those goods are used to reduce construction costs either directly or by facilitating the production of said goods. Getting cheap iron especially can drastically reduce the construction cost which means they can build more. Furthermore, motors and glass are pretty much always in high demand early on making them a good contributor to the GDP. Having access to Cotton for fabric and Silk through the other Italian nation also makes setting up a cloth industry quite profitable.
  • Sharing a border with France and Austria means that Sardinia-Piedmont can safely trade a high volume of goods. For obvious reasons, you don't want to get too cozy with Austria so it's better to trade with France. Doing so let Sardinia-Piedmont easily balance its market letting them specialize their economy without having to be in a customs union. The goal shouldn't be profitability but volume of trade. The more volume you trade with France, the more likely they are to accept a trade agreement which in turn makes it more likely to get a defensive pact or even better an alliance. In contrast, the Two Sicilies has to trade by sea which limits the volume of goods they can exchange to their convoy capacity and made them highly susceptible to raiding during a war.
  • Having economically viable states can be somewhat of an advantage. Setting a decree for resource extraction in Sardinia, our mining state, and a manufacturing decree in Piedmont gives a +20% throughput to those key industries and makes economic planning easy.
  • Geographically, their position is relatively safe with a friendly France west, a weak and generally pacifist Switzerland north, a protective Austria east (until you move against them), and a bunch of Italian minors south. Austria and France also tend to have a protective or cooperative attitude early on meaning that there isn't much of an immediate threat.

Starting moves

  • Construction: Build two construction centers in Piedmont, 2 administrative centers in Piedmont to fix the taxation deficit, 2 iron mines followed by a coal mine in Sardinia.
  • Tech: Get Atmospheric Engine -> Water-tube Boiler -> Mechanical Tools.
  • Reform-wise, start by enacting Charity Hospital, and Religious Schools. After that, you want to start chipping away at the influence of the aristocrats by getting Dedicated Police Force, Appointed Bureaucrats, and Landed Voting.
  • Authority: Add a consumption tax on Wine and Services. Bolster the Industrialist. Set a Resource Extraction decree in Sardinia and a Manufacturing Decree in Piedmont. The rest of the authority to spend is up to you depending on the circ*mstances.
  • Diplomacy: Improve relations with: Lucca, Modena, Parma, Tuscany, and France.
  • Declare an interest in Southern Germany.

Early Goals

  • Archive Major Power status. My general target is to focus on the economy for the first decade and then shift my construction to military goods, barracks, and dockyards to get the necessary prestige. If that's not enough, building and subsidizing 2 art academies should provide 60 prestige to get major power status. Just delete those when your position is safe so that you wouldn't slip back to a minor power.
  • Get the Italian Minors in your custom union (see below).
  • Grow your economy as quickly as possible by focusing on minimizing construction costs and goods that you have a comparative advantage to produce. You'll want to avoid deficit spending since the surplus will be needed to expand the army and navy.
  • Get a trade agreement with France. Even better if you can get a defensive pact.
  • Improve relations with any nation that has an interest in the Italian Region that isn't Austria or Two Sicilies. Particular attention should be put on the UK, Prussia, Russia, and Ottoman since they are the most likely to intervene. The former two are also likely to help in a play.
  • Expand and modernize the army and the navy.
  • Reform-wise, you'll want to weaken the Aristocrats and empower the Industrialists. Another goal should be to enact Free Trade and Laissez-faire, which in conjunction with the Mutual Funds tech, will massively increase the investment pools meaning more construction centers and more economic growth.

Union with the Italian minors (Lucca, Modena, Parma, Tuscany)

The goal is to bring the 4 Italian minors into your Custom Union as quickly as possible. Speed is of the essence since the Austrian Custom union will grow to make it more difficult to bring them in. Even worst, those nations could accept to become the protectorate of Austria removing any chances of getting the unification trough the event. It is therefore imperative to improve relations with those nations from day one.

If they have a neutral attribute or better, improving relations and giving them an obligation should be enough to bring them into your custom union. Don't worry about the obligation, they likely won't do anything with it. At worst, an event will trigger where they ask for something minor like a general in exchange for the obligation. If the obligation is not enough, start a bunch of trade routes with them with a focus on the number of goods being exchanged to increase their likelihood of accepting.

If they are hostile, as Tuscany tend to be, you'll want to keep improving relations until their attitude change. Getting Central Banking somewhat early can help since Bankrolling them will increase the cap at which relations will go. It will also randomly provide an obligation that you can forgive for an extra 30 relations.

Having those nations in your custom union and keeping high relations guarantees that they will join through the unification event pretty much as soon as you reach the major power rank.

First step unifying Italy

  1. At this point, you should be a major power so the event to annex the Italian minors in your Custom Union should trigger shortly. If any of them aren't in your custom union and are not a protectorate of great power, it's time to look at your options. I would not rule out to keep trying the diplomatic route since the event generated quite a bit of infamy making the military route riskier. The AI also tends to reevaluate its attitude around the time I reach major power status which can turn a hostile nation into a friendly one.
  2. Dealing with the Pope: Based on my experience, the Pope tends to be neutral or to be threatened by the Two Sicilies. If they are friendly and supporting you, just keep relations high by trading with them and setting up diplomatic pacts to ensure that continuous support. If they are neutral, puppeting them militarily is the cheapest option infamy-wise.

Dealing with Two Sicilies and Austria

With Northern and Central Italy supporting you or under your control, it's time to deal with Two Sicilies and Austria. It's hard to provide exact steps to follow at this point since it will highly depend on the overall diplomatic situation and on how Prussia is doing. Here are some general tricks that helped me deal with those two nations:

  • Declaring an interest in Southern and Northern Germany will open up the possibility of getting an offer from Prussia to join a play against Austria in exchange for Lombardy or Veneto. Just make sure the war is not hopeless and that France won't be joining on Austria's side. There is no way that you can survive a two-front war against those two nations.
  • Getting a great power ally is pretty much mandatory to deal with Austria and makes the Two Sicilies trivial. Do not be afraid to hand off an obligation to great power in exchange for a defensive pact of an alliance. France in particular should be the one you want since they have the means to help you against both Austria and the Two Sicilies while not having any territorial conflict. If in a bad spot, don't be afraid to sell out to Russia, Prussia, or the UK to get through a tough diplomatic play.
  • Having naval supremacy against the Two Sicilies can make any war much easier. Just hold central Italy and do a naval landing in Sicily to make Garibaldi and the thousands proud. If this fails, you are up for some attritional combat in central Italy. Just use your fleet to raid their convoy and watch their economy crumble.
  • After getting the leadership from the Two Sicilies, it's worth trying the diplomatic approach to get them to support you. Improving relations + bankrolling + forgetting obligations can do wonders to get them to shift their attitude and gain their support.
  • Be on the lookout for opportunities. Third-party nations that have an alliance with Austria or the Two Sicilies can lead to much easier wars.
  • Manage your infamy carefully, going overboard can make your ally drop you thereby losing you an asset.
  • It's cheaper, infamy-wise, to liberate Lombardy and Veneto and then get them to join through the unification event. It also lets you spread the infamy over a certain duration lessening the diplomatic hit taken with other nations.
Has anyone formed Italy with Sardinia-Piedmont? (2024)


When did Sardinia-Piedmont form Italy? ›

When the Kingdom of Italy was founded in 1861, the King of Piedmont-Sardinia, Victor Emmanuel II, became King of Italy. At this time, the United States appointed its first Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Italy.

What was unique about Piedmont-Sardinia? ›

Piedmont-Sardinia refers to one of the pre-unification states on the Italian Peninsula. It played an instrumental role in leading efforts towards creating a unified Italy due to its relative strength among other Italian states.

Who was the King of Piedmont-Sardinia I helped in the unification of Italy? ›

Victor Emmanuel II was the ruler of Sardinia-Piedmont who later became the king of Italy.

Did the mantle of unification of Italy fell on Sardinia-Piedmont? ›

Through a tactful diplomatic alliance with France engineered by Cavour, Sardinia-Piedmont succeeded in defeating the Austrian forces in 1859. Apart from regular troops, a large number of armed volunteers under the leadership of Giuseppe Garibaldi joined the fray.

Who owned Sardinia before Italy? ›

Early history. In 238 BC Sardinia became, along with Corsica, a province of the Roman Empire. The Romans ruled the island until the middle of the 5th century when it was occupied by the Vandals, who had also settled in north Africa. In 534 AD it was reconquered by the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire.

How different is Sardinian from Italian? ›

Sardinian cannot be said to be closely related to any dialect of mainland Italy; it is an archaic Romance tongue with its own distinctive characteristics, which can be seen in its rather unique vocabulary as well as its morphology and syntax, which differ radically from those of the Italian dialects.

Why is Sardinia so famous? ›

This bewitching island in Italy is celebrated for its breathtaking shores, profound historical roots, and exquisite gastronomy. Famous for its crystal waters and unspoiled beaches such as Costa Rei, Sardinia is a paradise for those who love the beach and are passionate about water sports.

What language do they speak in Sardinia-Piedmont? ›

The official languages in Sardinia are the Sardinian (in its all variants like the Logudorese spoken in the north and the Campidanese spoken in the south) which is recognised by the Autonomous Region of Sardinia, the Italian Republic and the European Union. The italian is spoken pratically by the whole population.

What was invented in Sardinia? ›

Francesco Antonio Broccu (1797–1882), was an Italian artisan and inventor, born in Gadoni, Sardinia, regarded as the first developer of the revolver, realised by him in 1833.

How did Sardinia unite Italy? ›

1859-61: Most of Italy, except Veneto and part of Papal States, was unified because of a war in which France and Piedmont-Sardinia defeated Austria. The Kingdom of Two Sicilies was liberated by an expedition led by a revolutionary Giuseppe Garibaldi, and subsequently united with Piedmont-Sardinia.

Has Italy ever had a royal family? ›

Italy has only had four monarchs, all of which have been kings. The Italian monarchy lasted until 1946; after the chaos wrought by World War II, Italy became a republic. Let's dig deeper and learn about the monarchs of Italy, all four of them!

Who founded Italy? ›

Italy became a nation-state belatedly on 17 March 1861, when most of the states of the peninsula were united under king Victor Emmanuel II of the House of Savoy, which ruled over Piedmont.

Why did Rome take Sardinia? ›

In 238 BC, Sardinia fell under Roman rule, marking the beginning of a new era for the island. The Romans recognized the strategic importance of Sardinia, using it as a crucial base for their military campaigns in the Mediterranean.

Who was the last King of Piedmont-Sardinia? ›

Victor Emmanuel II (Italian: Vittorio Emanuele II; full name: Vittorio Emanuele Maria Alberto Eugenio Ferdinando Tommaso di Savoia; 14 March 1820 – 9 January 1878) was King of Sardinia (also known as Piedmont-Sardinia) from 23 March 1849 until 17 March 1861, when he assumed the title of King of Italy and became the ...

How did the Byzantines lose Sardinia? ›

The Invasion of Mujahid of Dénia

The invasion had great repercussions for Sardinia and it is possible that it provoked the final fragmentation of the Sardinian archontate. So in the middle of the eleventh century, Sardinia left the Byzantine political orbit and went into the sphere of the Latin West.

What is the oldest structure in Sardinia? ›

Monte D'Accoddi

The so-called 'Sardinian Ziggurat', built between 4000 and 3200 BC. The structure is a unique example of a reference to Mesopotamian temple structures in Europe. An aerial view of the so-called Sardinian Ziggurat.

How many miles apart were Sardinia and Piedmont? ›

Approximately how many sea miles apart were Sardinia and Piedmont? Distance from Sardinia to Piedmont is 561 kilometers. This air travel distance is equal to 349 miles.

Who was the king of Sardinia Piedmont in 1836? ›

Charles Albert (born Oct. 2, 1798, Turin, Piedmont, French Republic—died July 28, 1849, Oporto, Port.) was the king of Sardinia–Piedmont (1831–49) during the turbulent period of the Risorgimento, the movement for the unification of Italy. His political vacillations make him an enigmatic personality.

When did Rome lose Sardinia? ›

When in 455 AD emperor Valentinian III was murdered the Vandals raided Rome, leading to the second sack of Rome by the Germanic tribes 3. In 460 AD Sardinia had become part of the kingdom of the Vandals 4. The Vandal reign on Sardinia limited itself to exacting taxes, there was no real government of the island.

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